Amsterdam District Court puts a halt to unlimited forum shopping

On 25 November 2020, the Amsterdam District Court (the “Court”) declined jurisdiction over all non-Dutch defendants (the “foreign defendants“) in proceedings for compensation of damage based partly on an infringement of Article 101 TFEU. The proceedings were initiated by four public utility companies from the Gulf States (“claimants“) against both Dutch and foreign defendants. The court rejected the claimants’ argument … Read more

Negotiating a contract under conditions; subject to signature

Introduction In the pre-contractual phase, professional contracting parties often negotiate under one or more conditions. Several different conditions are common in (commercial) legal practice: “subject to signature”, “subject to approval” and “subject to finance.” By negotiating on a “subject to signature” clause, Dutch parties agree to be bound exclusively by a written and signed contract (contrary to art. 6:217 DCC).  … Read more

Contractual provisions excluding annulment due to error, duress, fraud or undue influence

In Dutch legal practice, contracting parties often agree on provisions including an arrangement in which they waive their right to invoke the nullity of the contract in question. By doing so, the parties intend to exclude an eventual contractual annulment arising from error, duress, fraud or undue influence. The consequences of annulment can be significant for the parties involved. Therefore, … Read more

WAMCA: imperfections come to the surface

Dutch courts have not yet developed procedural rules for the WAMCA, the new Dutch regime for collective redress. This adds to pre-existing uncertainty around many procedural aspects of this new law. In my recent editorial for the Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Burgerlijk Recht (Dutch Civil Law Review, only accessible with a WoltersKluwer Navigator subscription), I discuss recent court decisions and identify … Read more